Commentary: Can Democrats take back the Senate? Possibly. Here's how

Commentary: Can Democrats take back the Senate? Possibly. Here's how

  • 0
Senator Susan Collins (R-ME) departs a Senate policy lunch at the U.S. Capitol on February 4, 2020 in Washington, DC.

Senator Susan Collins (R-ME) departs a Senate policy lunch at the U.S. Capitol on February 4, 2020 in Washington, DC. (Alex Edelman/Getty Images/TNS)

Suppose Joe Biden is elected president in November, but the Senate stays Republican. Or, suppose he loses, but the Democrats manage to take the Senate anyway.

If Americans vote the way they have in recent elections, both those eventualities are unlikely.

As the rift between the two parties, and that between their supporters, has grown to Grand Canyon dimensions, Americans have largely abandoned the time-honored practice of ticket-splitting.

In the 2016 presidential election, every state that elected a Republican senator voted for Donald Trump for president, while every state that elected a Democratic senator voted for Hillary Clinton. Since the nation inaugurated the popular election of senators in 1913, that had never happened before.

Even in midterm elections, ticket-splitting - a pervasive feature of American voting throughout the 20th century - has gone into steep decline. Of the 21 states that elected both governors and senators in 2018, only five elected one from each party. In the three states that elected Democratic senators and Republican governors, those governors - Massachusetts' Charlie Baker, Maryland's Larry Hogan, Vermont's Phil Scott - had each largely repudiated Trump and ran (and in Baker's and Hogan's case, already governed) as centrists.

So what does this portend when considering whether Democrats have any chance of flipping the Senate in 2020?

To oust Mitch McConnell from the post of majority leader, the Dems need to concentrate on states where Republican Senate seats are up for a vote and where Biden (or whoever becomes the Democratic nominee) has a good chance of winning.

That list certainly includes Colorado, where Republican Sen. Cory Gardner is widely regarded as the most endangered Republican incumbent. Next on the list of targets are three Republican senators from swing states: Arizona's Martha McSally, North Carolina's Thom Tillis and Maine's Susan Collins. McSally and Tillis are both in their first terms, and neither appears to have instilled fervent loyalty in their state's voters. Collins, of course, is a longtime favorite of Maine voters, having first won her seat in 1996, and may prove a more tenacious candidate.

Among the 12 currently Democratic-held seats on November's ballot, only one - that of Alabama's Doug Jones - is from a state that Trump carried in 2016, and is almost sure to carry again. Jones is in the Senate by virtue of a special election in which he had the great good fortune to have as his Republican opponent Roy Moore, the Bible-thumping friendship-cultivator of teenage girls.

As Jones cannot assume he'll be that lucky this year (his Republican opponent will either be former Attorney General and Sen. Jeff Sessions or Auburn head football coach Tommy Tuberville), prudent Democrats should assume that they'll need to pick up four Senate seats to get to 50. Should Biden or another Democrat win the presidency, that would give them the narrowest of majorities, relying on the Democratic vice president to be the Senate's tie-breaking vote.

Should the ticket of Trump and Vice President Mike Pence win reelection, Democrats will need 51 votes to be able to block, for instance, the McConnell Senate's ongoing confirmations of far-right judicial nominees.

What that means for Democrats is they'll have to pour resources chiefly into the four states - Colorado, Arizona, North Carolina and Maine - where Republican senators are most endangered. Their likely nominees - former Gov. John Hickenlooper in Colorado, former astronaut Mark Kelly in Arizona, Maine House Speaker Sara Gideon and former state Sen. Cal Cunningham in North Carolina, who became the Democrats' nominee in the March 3 primary - stand either in their party's mainstream or a little to the right of it, much like Biden himself. If voters are persuaded to cast their ballots for Biden, they will likely vote for these Senate candidates as well.

After those states, it's down to tougher prospects. In Montana, the popular Democratic Gov. Steve Bullock recently announced his candidacy against Republican Sen. Steve Daines. In Kansas, should Republicans nominate the far-right Kris Kobach, who lost to a Democrat in the 2018 gubernatorial election, the Democratic nominee would certainly have a shot. And if polls in October show a Biden blowout looming, Democrats might even be able to pick up seats in such currently improbable locales as Iowa and Texas.

And, of course, there is always also the chance of a sitting senator or two committing political suicide between now and the election. A few weeks ago, two Republican senators on this year's ballot cast votes that may have opened the door just a crack to a Democratic opponent. James Inhofe of Oklahoma and Ben Sasse of Nebraska were among the eight Republicans who voted against the $8.3-billion emergency appropriation of funds to increase unemployment insurance and paid sick leave for Americans who are ill from, or losing their jobs to, the coronavirus crisis.

Oklahoma and Nebraska are the most Republican of states, but, depending on what happens with the coronavirus, voters may not appreciate that their senators backed the sanctity of laissez faire over the preservation of human life.

That said, how states will vote in Senate races depends heavily on how they will vote for president. Democrats seeking to dethrone McConnell should focus accordingly.



Harold Meyerson is a contributing writer to Los Angeles Times Opinion and editor at large of the American Prospect.

Visit the Los Angeles Times at


Catch the latest in Opinion

* I understand and agree that registration on or use of this site constitutes agreement to its user agreement and privacy policy.

Related to this story

Most Popular

As the COVID-19 crisis deepens, my fellow economists have reached deep into their bare cupboards of old ideas, and what have they found? Models that do not work: bailouts for big companies. Tax cuts for people well-off enough to owe taxes. Cash-grant schemes, a favorite of the universal income crowd. These tactics won't be effective. We cannot predict how bad the economic situation will get. ...

  • Updated

Remember the good ol' days - six months ago - when a Democratic presidential candidate with the adorable catchphrase "I have a plan for that," was surging in the polls? The most endearing part was that her catchphrase wasn't just empty sloganeering. She did have plans. Big ones. Plans underpinned by a righteous moral center. Intellectually, she was heads above the rest of the field. In less ...

  • Updated

Nikki Haley took to Twitter on Thursday to complain about a few items in the $2 trillion stimulus bill that the Senate passed Wednesday and the House passed Friday. She could have objected to the White House's reluctance to spend $1 billion on life-saving ventilators, but that would have put her in President Donald Trump's Twitter crosshairs. She commendably stepped down from the board of ...

  • Updated

Even as the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the United States keeps rising sharply, President Donald Trump continues to express confidence. He has gone from optimism in the face of the imminent threat of the coronavirus to suggesting that the pandemic will abate soon and the U.S. economy will be "raring to go" by Easter. Trump's optimism stands in sharp contrast to the recommendations ...

China's announcement on March 17 that it will expel at least 13 American journalists with the New York Times, Washington Post and Wall Street Journal will hurt China more than it will punish the United States. But it's not good for anyone. China called the move retaliation for a recent U.S. order sharply limiting the number of Chinese journalists in the U.S. But Beijing's decision is also ...

The $2 trillion stimulus package passed by the Senate Wednesday night provides enormous loans to airlines and other businesses as well as rebates of $1,200 to most low- and middle-income U.S. adults. But the legislation bars an important group from receiving rebates: elderly and disabled adults who are financially dependent on family members. The result is that the largest aid package in U.S. ...

Until the past week or so, I've rarely thought of myself as old, at least not in the diminishing way the word is often used. I work a full-time job, walk 5 miles a day, go to the gym, teach yoga to young theater students and climb three flights of stairs to my condo several times a day. I never kid myself that age is only in the mind - the mirror won't allow that delusion - but I don't feel ...

The census is a constitutionally mandated process that has occurred since 1790. It has been administered during a world war, earthquakes, the Great Depression - and now a pandemic. The coronavirus presents a particular challenge to the 2020 census - which kicked off earlier this month - because human transmission of the virus has prompted public health officials to discourage public gatherings ...

Get up-to-the-minute news sent straight to your device.


News Alerts

Breaking News