In 2001, an African American man was granted the right to sue his employer in federal court after the worker discovered what what appeared to be a noose hanging outside his office. The lawsuit is one of thousands pertaining to employment discrimination due to sexism, racism, employees’ drug addiction or religious practices, and more.
Stacker compiled a list of the most common types of employment discrimination using data from the Center for Public Integrity. The data spans 2010 to 2017 and was released in 2019. Types of discrimination are ranked by the number of cases with relief. Relief, in this case, are remedies to the cases in question, such as compensation for damages, back pay, reinstatement, proper training, and reasonable accommodations for the position. 17.6% of closed cases resulted in relief. Categories with “other” in the name were excluded.
What constitutes a discriminatory practice has changed over the years, as some behaviors once considered acceptable today carry massive consequences. Each year, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), an agency created to investigate workers’ complaints of job discrimination, receives high numbers of complaints from employees. Job discrimination can greatly burden employees who wish to maintain a stable or successful working environment. The EEOC closes more than 100,000 cases annually. But only 18% of these workers are compensated, see a change in work conditions, or receive some form of assistance.
Why these cases continue to exist even though they are illegal is an untied knot in the legal system, with no solution yet. However, laws and organizations continue to work to remedy what they can. Keep reading to learn more about the most common types of employment discrimination today.
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